British Journal for Military History 2019-08-05T17:48:51+01:00 Prof Richard Grayson Open Journal Systems <p><strong>The <em>British Journal for Military History</em> (BJMH) is the scholarly journal of the <a href="">British Commission for Military History</a> (BCMH) established in support of the Commission’s Object, to ‘promote through research, publication and discussion the understanding of military history in the broadest sense, without restriction as to period or region.’&nbsp; The BJMH is entirely funded by the BCMH.&nbsp; The BJMH is a pioneering Open Access, peer-reviewed journal that brings high quality scholarship in military history to an audience beyond academia.&nbsp;</strong></p> Editorial 2019-08-05T17:38:33+01:00 Richard S Grayson Erica Wald <p>Editorial article from the two new Co-editors on: the editorial team being based at Goldsmiths; thanking the Founding Editor (Dr Matthew Ford); and expanding the Editorial Advisory Board.</p> 2019-07-10T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## 'He would not meddle against Newark…' Cromwell’s strategic vision 1643-1644 2019-08-05T16:55:45+01:00 Martyn Bennett <p>Cromwell with some justification is identified with East Anglia and this is often true of his early military career. However, his earliest campaigns were often focused on the area west of the Eastern Association counties and in particular they centred on the royalist garrison at Newark. This heavily defended town dominated several important communications arteries which Cromwell saw capturing the town as crucial to winning the war, at least in the region. Cromwell’s ruthless pursuit of his goal led him to criticize and even attack his superiors who did not see things his way. This article explores Cromwell’s developing strategic sense in the initial two years of the first civil war.</p> 2019-07-10T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## ‘All Pretty Well Fed Up and Worn Out’? Morale, Combat Motivation, and the ‘Marshall Effect’ in VIII Corps at Gallipoli 2019-08-05T17:09:19+01:00 Gary Sheffield <p class="Abstract">This article explores the morale of the troops of British VIII Corps on Gallipoli in 1915-16, using Anthony King’s recent work on combat motivation in infantry platoons as a tool of analysis. King, partially rehabilitating the controversial work of S.L.A. Marshall, argues that left to themselves, the citizen armies of the early twentieth century tended to passivity. Officers resorted to a range of strategies to overcome this ‘Marshall Effect’, including appeals to patriotism and masculinity, mass tactics, and heroic leadership. It is contended that King’s model works well when applied to this case study – such methods were indeed employed by officers of VIII Corps - but the jury is out on its wider applicability, pending detailed case studies of other campaigns. As this article demonstrates, the morale of the troops of VIII Corps was severely tested throughout the Gallipoli campaign, as a rash of short-lived ‘panics’ demonstrated. There was a distinct downturn in August 1915, which was marked by an increase in rates of sickness and self-inflicted wounds, and a ‘strike’, when a sub-unit simply refused to carry out an attack. Despite this, there was no general and permanent breakdown of morale, in the sense of unwillingness to obey the orders of higher command. VIII Corps’ morale was characterised by stoicism and resilience in the face of adverse conditions.</p> 2019-07-10T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## When a 1981 Diary Meets Twitter: Reclaiming a teenage girl’s ordinary experience of the Northern Irish Troubles 2019-08-05T17:41:36+01:00 Oonagh Murphy Laura Aguiar <p>The Northern Irish Troubles (1969-1998) have been the focus of many cross-disciplinary literature and official and unofficial storytelling projects. When reviewing the accounts produced by these studies and initiatives it is visible that less focus has been paid to the everyday experiences of the Troubles, particularly to a young girl’s perspective of them.</p> 2019-07-10T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mollie M. Madden, The Black Prince and the Grande Chevauchée of 1355 2019-08-05T17:42:27+01:00 Simon Egan <p>Mollie M. Madden. <em>The Black Prince and the Grande Chevauchée of 1355</em>. Warfare in History. Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2018. xi + 248 pp. Hardback. ISBN: 978-1-78327-356-0. Price £60.00</p> 2019-07-10T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Arran Johnston, On Gladsmuir Shall the Battle Be! The Battle of Prestonpans 1745 2019-08-05T17:43:12+01:00 Murray Pittock <p>Arran Johnston,&nbsp;<em>On Gladsmuir Shall the Battle Be! The Battle of Prestonpans 1745.</em> Solihull: Helion &amp; Company Ltd, 2017. Xviii+226pp.&nbsp; ISBN 978-1-911512-83-7 (hardback). Price £25.</p> 2019-07-10T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Robert A. Geake with Lorin M. Spears, From Slaves to Soldiers: the 1st Rhode Island Regiment in the American Revolution 2019-08-05T17:43:46+01:00 Gary Nash <p>Robert A. Geake with Lorin M. Spears, <em>From Slaves to Soldiers: the 1<sup>st</sup> Rhode Island Regiment in the American Revolution.</em>&nbsp;Yardley, PA: Westholme Publishing, 2016. 184pp. ISBN 97-8159-4162-688 (hardback). £19.99.</p> 2019-07-10T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Geert van Uythoven, The Secret Expedition: the Anglo–Russian Invasion of North Holland, 1799 2019-08-05T17:44:22+01:00 Jacqueline Reiter <p>Geert van Uythoven, <em>The Secret Expedition: the Anglo–Russian Invasion of North Holland, 1799.</em> Warwick: Helion and Company, 2018. 448pp. ISBN 978-1-912390-20-5 (hardback). Price £29.99.</p> 2019-07-10T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Charles J. Esdaile, Napoleon, France and Waterloo: The Eagle Rejected 2019-08-05T17:45:07+01:00 Michael Leggiere <p>Charles J. Esdaile, <em>Napoleon, France and Waterloo: The Eagle Rejected</em>. Barnsley: Pen &amp; Sword, 2017. 257pp. ISBN 9781473870826 (hardback). £25.</p> 2019-07-10T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Frank Ledwidge, Aerial Warfare: The Battle for the Skies 2019-08-05T17:46:27+01:00 John Greenacre <p>Frank Ledwidge, <em>Aerial Warfare: The Battle for the Skies</em>. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. 184pp. ISBN 978-0-19-881813-7 (hardback). Price £12.99.</p> 2019-07-10T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Nigel Atter, In the Shadow of Bois Hugo: The 8th Lincolns at the Battle of Loos 2019-08-05T17:47:02+01:00 Nick Lloyd <p>Nigel Atter, <em>In the Shadow of Bois Hugo: The 8th&nbsp;Lincolns at the Battle of Loos</em>. Helion &amp; Co., 2017. 144pp. ISBN: 9781911512776 (paperback). Price £16.95.</p> 2019-07-10T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Peter Sikora, The Polish ‘Few’: Polish Airmen in the Battle of Britain 2019-08-05T17:47:38+01:00 Richard S Grayson <p>Peter Sikora, <em>The Polish ‘Few’: Polish Airmen in the Battle of Britain</em>. Barnsley: Pen &amp; Sword Military, 2018. xvii + pp. 574. ISBN: 978-1526-714855. Price £30.00.</p> 2019-07-10T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mark Edele, Stalin’s Defectors: How Red Army Soldiers became Hitler’s Collaborators, 1941-1945 2019-08-05T17:48:17+01:00 Peter Whitewood <p>Mark Edele, <em>Stalin’s Defectors: How Red Army Soldiers became Hitler’s Collaborators, 1941-1945</em>. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. ISBN: 978-0198798156 (hardback). 224pp. Price £60.00.</p> 2019-07-10T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Benjamin A. Cowan, Securing Sex: Morality and Repression in the Making of Cold War Brazil 2019-08-05T17:48:51+01:00 Donna J Guy <p>Benjamin A. Cowan. <em>Securing Sex: Morality and Repression in the Making of Cold War Brazil. </em>Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2016. 340pp. ISBN:978-1-4696-2750-2 (paperback). Price £36.95.</p> 2019-07-10T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##