British Journal for Military History

The BJMH is a pioneering Open Access, peer-reviewed journal that brings high quality scholarship in military history to an audience beyond academia. 

"The birth of the British Journal for Military History will be as welcome as it is long overdue.

The past few decades have seen the appearance of a new generation of military historians. Some have been serving or retired members of the Armed Forces; some academics or aspiring academics; and some - most welcome of all – amateurs who write for the sheer love of it. The continuing demand for their work is evidenced in every major bookshop, where ‘Military History’ shelves often take up as much space as does mere ‘History’. Even those whose primary interest is not military history as such now realise that a knowledge of the subject is necessary if they are to understand the past, to say nothing of the present. Military history is now too important to be left to the military historians.

For the past few years military historians have been able to communicate with each another at the annual meetings of the British Commission for Military History and through its publication Mars and Clio. Now the BJMH will make their work available to a far wider readership and should attract an increasing number of contributors. It will be not only British, and not only military historians who will wish it well." 

Professor Sir Michael Howard

Portrait of Sir Michael Howard by Anthony Palliser:

Journal Homepage Image


Following a period of hiatus in 2018, a new editorial team took over in February 2019:


Prof Richard Grayson (Goldsmiths, University of London, UK)

Dr Erica Wald (Goldsmiths, University of London, UK)

Book Reviews Editor

Dr Rosie Kennedy (Goldsmiths, University of London, UK)

Managing Editors

Dr Erin Scheopner (Goldsmiths, University of London, UK)

Dr Kate Imy (University of North Texas, USA)

Dr Mahon Murphy (Kyoto University, Japan)

Alasdair Urquhart (British Commission for Military History, UK)

George Wilton (British Commission for Military History, UK)

Chair of Editorial Advisory Board

Prof Alex Watson (Goldsmiths, University of London, UK)


Questions about the journal should be directed to Professor Richard Grayson:


I am delighted to be able to inform members that the BJMH has a new editorial team.

In the December issue of Mars & Clio I reported that our Founding Editor, Dr Matthew Ford, had stepped down following the publication of Vol 4 Issue 3 in September. At the AGM last year (and at previous AGMs) there was widespread appreciation of Matthew’s work in launching the Journal and building such powerful support for it in a very short time. On behalf of the Committee and the membership I would like to take this opportunity of paying tribute to Matthew’s achievement.

We are now in the process of moving the Journal from the platform which Matthew had created to one that is accessed as part of the BCMH site. The new editorial team is led from Goldsmiths, University of London by Professor Richard Grayson and Dr Erica Wald.

- Andy Grainger, BCMH Secretary General


Following the BCMH AGM in February 2018, the BJMH entered a hiatus. Over the next several weeks I am very pleased that the journal will recommence operations under the editorship of a new team at Goldsmiths.

I established the journal in 2014 with the aim of bringing good quality military history to audiences beyond academia. I was very grateful for the early endorsement of Sir Michael Howard who summed up the direction of the journal when he wrote,

“Military history is too important to be left to the military historians.”

With the support of a brilliant editorial team (Catherine Baker, Jennifer Daley, Stuart Mitchell, Aimée Fox, Christopher Phillips, Kenton White, Sarah Westbury, Tom Pert, Alasdair Urquhart and George Wilton) the journal grew from nothing to around 7000 readers. We put out four volumes and peer-reviewed around 170 articles. Now that I am about to hand over to a new team, I would like to think we did a pretty good job at realising the journal's objectives. It is great that two of the team (Alasdair and George) will continue the good work that we started.

The BJMH occupies a highly contested scholarly space that at its heart involves re-shaping the academic and public perspective of military history. I passionately believe that military history has an important role to play in helping to promote the public understanding of war in society and so I am very pleased that such a fab bunch of historians at Goldsmiths will be taking over from me.

I wish the Journal, the new editorial team and the BCMH every success in the future.


If you want to continue the conversation with me then ping me a tweet at @warmatters


17th June 2019

The Co-editors of the British Journal for Military History are pleased to announce a new Editorial Advisory Board (EAB) for the journal.  The previous EAB consisted of twenty-six members, all based in the UK and predominantly (though far from exclusively) specialists in nineteenth and twentieth century history.  Those involved were all very significant figures, carrying out exciting work in the field and we are delighted that so many of them have agreed to continue on the new EAB. 

However, we wanted to broaden the chronological scope of the Board and the types of subjects covered, and we wanted to internationalise the Board.  We also noted that only five of the twenty-six EAB members (19%) were women.  We were concerned about that as we felt it did not reflect the balance of those involved in military history research today, especially in newer and/or more broadly defined aspects of the discipline.  There is a risk that the BJMH would miss an opportunity to create new networks in the discipline.  At worst, such an imbalance risks perpetuating views of military history among non-specialists which are inaccurate and do not serve the discipline well in wider academia.

Consequently, we have massively expanded our Board so that it now includes 77 people, all significant figures in a broad definition of military history and the subject areas with which it should interact.  We now have experts based beyond the UK in Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Greece, India, Ireland, Israel, New Zealand, and the USA.  Our chronological scope now has much broader coverage of medieval and early modern history, and the geographic spread of expertise is broader, especially as regards non-European countries.  The subjects covered are much wider, with the addition of experts working on, for example, cultural aspects of military history and areas such as commemoration, gender, colonialism and race.  We are pleased to have made further direct connections with those who work directly with militaries on studying military history.  This was already strongly established for the UK, but we have now made links with the US Army War College, the Bundeswehr’s Centre for Military History and Social Sciences, and the United Service Institution of India.  Many new EAB members would not define themselves primarily (or in some cases at all) as military historians, but work in adjacent fields often on themes of conflict, politics and society with which military history can and should engage closely.  Note also that slightly more than half of the EAB members now are women.

In time, we hope that this new EAB will have a significant influence on the work of the BJMH and the wider Commission, and we look forward to seeing a range of exciting new subjects come before us for peer review.

The full list of the new EAB is:

Chair: Prof Alexander Watson (Goldsmiths, University of London, UK)

Dr Laura Aguiar (Public Record Office of Northern Ireland / Nerve Centre, UK)

Dr Andrew Ayton (Keele University, UK)

Prof Tarak Barkawi (London School of Economics, UK)

Prof Ian Beckett (University of Kent, UK)

Dr Huw Bennett (University of Cardiff, UK)

Prof Martyn Bennett (Nottingham Trent University, UK)

Dr Matthew Bennett (University of Winchester, UK)

Dr Philip W. Blood (Member, BCMH, UK)

Prof Brian Bond (King’s College London, UK)

Dr Timothy Bowman (University of Kent, UK; Member BCMH, UK)

Ian Brewer (Treasurer, BCMH, UK)

Dr Ambrogio Caiani (University of Kent, UK)

Prof Antoine Capet (University of Rouen, France)

Dr Erica Charters (University of Oxford, UK)

Sqn Ldr (Ret) Rana TS Chhina (United Service Institution of India, India)

Dr Gemma Clark (University of Exeter, UK)

Dr Marie Coleman (Queens University Belfast, UK)

Prof Mark Connelly (University of Kent, UK)

Seb Cox (Air Historical Branch, UK)

Dr Selena Daly (Royal Holloway, University of London, UK)

Dr Susan Edgington (Queen Mary University of London, UK)

Prof Catharine Edwards (Birkbeck, University of London, UK)

Prof Alison Fell (University of Leeds, UK)

Jonathan Ferguson (Royal Armouries, UK)

Dr Jane Finucane (University of South Wales, UK)

Dr Matthew Ford (Founding Editor of BJMH; University of Sussex, UK)

Dr Isla Forsyth (University of Nottingham, UK)

Dr Aimée Fox (King's College London, UK)

Prof Yvonne Friedman (Bar-Ilan University, Israel)

Dr Niamh Gallagher (University of Cambridge, UK)

Dr Stefan Goebel (University of Kent, UK)

Dr Christina Goulter (JSCSC; King’s College London, UK)

Andy Grainger (Secretary-General, BCMH, UK)

Dr Allen C Guelzo (Princeton University, USA)

Dr Meleah Hampton (Australian War Memorial, Australia)

Dr Emma Hanna (University of Kent, UK)

Dr Rebecca Herman (University of California Berkeley, USA)

Prof Carole Hillenbrand (St Andrews University, UK)

Prof Matthew Hughes (Brunel University, UK)

Alan Jeffreys (Imperial War Museum, London, UK)

Prof Heather Jones (University College London, UK)

Lt Gen (Ret) Sir John Kiszely (Changing Character of War Centre, Pembroke College, University of Oxford, UK)

Dr Sylvie Kleinman (Trinity College Dublin, Ireland)

Dr Halik Kochanski (Independent Scholar & Member, BCMH, UK)

Dr Ariel Mae Lambe (University of Connecticut, USA)

Dr Elisabeth Leake (University of Leeds, UK)

Dr Elli Lemonidou (University of Patras, Greece)

Dr Peter Lieb (Centre for Military History and Social Sciences of the Bundeswehr, Germany)

Prof Charlotte MacDonald (Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand)

Dr Jenny Macleod (University of Hull, UK)

Dr Jessica Meyer (University of Leeds, UK)

Dr Alisa Miller (King's College London, UK)

Prof Rana Mitter (University of Oxford, UK)

Dr Michelle R. Moyd (Indiana University Bloomington, USA)

Dr Oonagh Murphy (Goldsmiths, University of London, UK)

Prof Michael S. Neiberg (US Army War College, USA)

Dr Emma Newlands (University of Strathclyde, UK)

Prof Helen Nicholson (Cardiff University, UK)

Prof Jane Ohlmeyer (Trinity College Dublin, Ireland)

Dr Eleanor O'Keeffe (Historic Royal Palaces, UK)

Dr Declan O’Reilly (University of East Anglia, UK)

Prof Douglas Peers (University of Waterloo, Canada)

Prof William Philpott (King's College London; President, BCMH, UK)

Stephen Prince (Naval Historical Branch, UK)

Prof Andrew Roberts (King’s College London, UK)

Prof Guy Rowlands (University of St Andrews, UK; Member, BCMH, UK)

Dr Laury Sarti (Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Germany)

Dr Lynsey Shaw Cobden (Air Historical Branch, UK)

Prof Gary Sheffield (University of Wolverhampton, UK)

Dr Claudia Siebrecht (University of Sussex, UK)

Dr Andy Simpson (Member, BCMH, UK)

Prof Natalia Sobrevilla Perea (University of Kent, UK)

Dr Beth C Spacey (University of Queensland, Australia)

Prof Sir Hew Strachan (University of St Andrews, UK)

Dr Andrekos Varnava (Flinders University, Australia)

Dr Jennifer Wellington (University College Dublin, Ireland)


Volume 4, Issue 3

Vol 4, No 3 (2018)

Cover Page

COVER IMAGE: Womens Service in the Royal Flying Corps and Womens Royal Air Force, 1914-1918; Catalogue number: Q 72656

Table of Contents


Alexander Hodgkins
Brian N. Hall
Edward J. Erickson
Gervase Phillips
Malcolm Pill

Book Reviews

Simon J. House, Lost Opportunity: The Battle of the Ardennes, 22 August 1914
Ian F.W. Beckett
Douglas Farmer, Sedan 1870: The Eclipse of France
Chris Buckham
Oliver Wilkinson, British Prisoners of War in First World War Germany
Brian K. Feltman
Alaric Searle, Armoured Warfare: a military, political and global history
Tim Gale
James Tanner, Instruments of Battle: The Fighting Drummers & Buglers of the British Army from the Late 17th Century to the Present Day
Trevor Herbert
Mao Haijian (edited by Joseph Lawson), The Qing Empire and the Opium War: The Collapse of the Heavenly Dynasty
Rana Mitter
Etsuko Takushi Crissey, translated by Steve Rabson, Okinawa’s GI Brides: Their Lives in America
Ayako Mizumura
David Alvarez and Eduard Mark, Spying Through A Glass Darkly: American Espionage against the Soviet Union 1945-1946
Declan O'Reilly
Corinna Peniston-Bird & Emma Vickers (eds), Gender and the Second World War: Lessons of War
Wendy Ugolini
Isla Forsyth, Second World War British Military Camouflage: Designing Deception
Lucie Whitmore


ISSN: 2057-0422

Copyright © 2016, British Journal for Military History

Our logo is based on the combination of Mars & Clio, the Roman God of War and the Greek Muse of History. It is the official logo of the BCMH.